Gobineau, Joseph-Arthur, count de

   diplomat, writer
   A social philosopher whose writings, including those on anti-Semitism, would later become the basis for much of modern racial and racist theory, Joseph-Arthur, count de Gobineau was born to an aristocratic family in Ville-d'Array, near Paris. From 1848 to 1877, he held diplomatic posts in iran, Germany, Greece, Brazil, and Sweden, and wrote several scholarly books describing his travels (Trois ans en Asie 1859; Traité des écritures cunéiformes, 1861; Les Religions et les Philosophies dans l'Asie centrale, 1865). He also wrote a journal (Nouvelles asiatiques, 1876) and novels (Le Prisonnier chanceux, 1847; Les Pléiades, 1874). His most famous work, however, was Essai sur l'inégalité des races humaines (1853-55), in which he stated that the Aryan, or Nordic, race was superior to all others. His ideas of racial superiority later influenced Richard Wagner and Houston Stewart Chamberlain, and were exploited by the pan-Germanists and the National Socialists of Hitler's Germany.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Gobineau, Joseph-Arthur, count de — born July 14, 1816, Ville d Avray, France died Oct. 13, 1882, Turin, Italy French diplomat and writer. While serving in the diplomatic service (1849–77), he wrote the Essay on the Inequality of Human Races (1853–55), which asserted the… …   Universalium

  • GOBINEAU, JOSEPH ARTHUR, COMTE DE° — (1816–1882), French diplomat and essayist. Of his abundant literary efforts, only his Essai sur l inégalité des races humaines (1853–55) is now remembered. In this essay Gobineau simplified to the extreme current opinions on the racial factor in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • count — count1 /kownt/, v.t. 1. to check over (the separate units or groups of a collection) one by one to determine the total number; add up; enumerate: He counted his tickets and found he had ten. 2. to reckon up; calculate; compute. 3. to list or name …   Universalium

  • Joseph — /joh zeuhf, seuhf/, n. 1. Jacob s eleventh son, the first of Jacob and his second wife, Rachel: sold into slavery by his brothers. Gen. 30:22 24; 37. 2. the husband of Mary who was the mother of Jesus. Matt. 1:16 25. 3. (Hinmaton yalaktit), c1840 …   Universalium

  • Arthur — /ahr theuhr/, n. 1. Chester Alan, 1830 86, 21st president of the U.S. 1881 85. 2. legendary king in ancient Britain: leader of the Knights of the Round Table. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Port Arthur Adamov Arthur Arthur s …   Universalium

  • Arthur de Gobineau — Joseph Arthur de Gobineau (* 14. Juli 1816 in Ville d’Avray, bei Paris; † 13. Oktober 1882 in Turin) war ein französischer Diplomat und Schriftsteller, der durch seine Theorie der arischen Herrenrasse bekannt wurde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arthur de Gobineau — in 1864 Joseph Arthur Comte de Gobineau (14 July 1816, Ville d Avray, Hauts de Seine – 13 October 1882, Turin) was a French aristocrat, novelist and man of letters who became famous for developing the theory of the Aryan master race in his book… …   Wikipedia

  • race — race1 /rays/, n., v., raced, racing. n. 1. a contest of speed, as in running, riding, driving, or sailing. 2. races, a series of races, usually of horses or dogs, run at a set time over a regular course: They spent a day at the races. 3. any… …   Universalium

  • Race — /rays/, n. Cape, a cape at the SE extremity of Newfoundland. * * * I Term once commonly used in physical anthropology to denote a division of humankind possessing traits that are transmissible by descent and sufficient to characterize it as a… …   Universalium

  • nonfictional prose — Introduction       any literary work that is based mainly on fact, even though it may contain fictional elements. Examples are the essay and biography.       Defining nonfictional prose literature is an immensely challenging task. This type of… …   Universalium

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